Why Is Melbourne So Populated?

Anyone who has recently taken a packed train or attempted to traverse Federation Square will be familiar with this feeling. Melbourne is at capacity. 

The population density in Australia is an intriguing statistic. Australia’s population is concentrated in its major cities along the coast, so the country’s overall population density understates the density of the country’s habitable regions.

Here, we explain why Melbourne is so populated. 

Why Is Melbourne So Populated?

Melbourne is one of the largest and most populated cities in Australia for several reasons. Here are some of the main factors contributing to its population:

1. Economic Opportunities 

Economic opportunities refer to the potential for individuals and businesses to generate income and create wealth. In the context of Melbourne, several factors contribute to its strong economic opportunities:

Diverse industries: 

Melbourne has a diverse economy, with a mix of industries such as finance, manufacturing, technology, healthcare, education, and hospitality. This diversity creates a range of job opportunities for people with different skill sets and backgrounds.

Business-Friendly Environment:

 Melbourne is known for its business-friendly environment, with a low-tax regime, streamlined regulations, and access to funding and support for start-ups and entrepreneurs.

Strong Workforce: 

Melbourne has a highly educated and skilled workforce, with a large pool of talent in areas such as engineering, science, and technology.


Melbourne has a well-developed infrastructure, with modern office buildings, transportation links, and telecommunications infrastructure that support businesses.

Proximity To Asia-Pacific markets: 

Melbourne is located in a strategic location, with access to the fast-growing Asia-Pacific markets. This makes it an attractive location for businesses looking to expand their operations in the region.

Overall, the combination of these factors has created a strong economic environment in Melbourne, with many opportunities for individuals and businesses to thrive.

2. Education

Education is an important factor contributing to Melbourne’s population growth. Melbourne is home to several world-renowned universities and educational institutions, including:

The University Of Melbourne:

 The University of Melbourne is one of the top-ranked universities in Australia and is consistently ranked among the top 50 universities in the world. It offers a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs across a range of disciplines.

Monash University: 

Monash University is another top-ranked university in Melbourne, known for its strong research and innovation focus. It offers a wide range of programs across several faculties, including science, engineering, medicine, and business.

RMIT University: 

RMIT University is a global university of technology, design, and enterprise, offering a range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in areas such as engineering, design, business, and media.

Swinburne University Of Technology: 

The Swinburne University of Technology is a leading research-intensive university known for its focus on science, technology, and innovation. It offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs across several faculties.

Melbourne’s educational institutions attract students from all over the world, who come to study in the city and often end up staying to live and work after graduation. The high-quality education and research opportunities available in Melbourne make it a desirable destination for students seeking a world-class education.

3. Culture And Lifestyle

Melbourne is known for its vibrant culture and diverse lifestyle, which are significant factors contributing to its population growth. Some of the reasons why Melbourne is popular among people seeking a unique lifestyle include:

Arts and Culture: 

Melbourne has a thriving arts and cultural scene, with numerous galleries, museums, and theatres showcasing works by local and international artists. The city hosts several annual events such as the Melbourne International Comedy Festival, the Melbourne International Film Festival, and the Melbourne Fringe Festival.

Sporting Events: 

Melbourne is known as the sporting capital of Australia and is home to several major sporting events, including the Australian Open tennis tournament, the Melbourne Cup horse race, and the Australian Grand Prix.

Food And Wine: 

Melbourne is a food lover’s paradise, with a wide range of restaurants, cafes, and bars serving up a diverse range of cuisines from all over the world. The city also has a thriving wine industry, with several vineyards and wineries located in the surrounding regions.


Melbourne has a lively and diverse nightlife scene, with plenty of bars, clubs, and live music venues catering to a range of tastes and styles.

Overall, Melbourne’s culture and lifestyle make it an attractive destination for people seeking a diverse and exciting city experience. The combination of arts and culture, sports, food and wine, and nightlife creates a unique and dynamic atmosphere that draws people from all over the world.

4. Infrastructure And Transport 

Melbourne’s well-developed infrastructure and transport system are important factors contributing to its population growth. Some of the reasons why Melbourne’s infrastructure and transport system are attractive to people include:

Public Transport: 

Melbourne has an extensive public transport system, including trains, trams, buses, and taxis. This makes it easy for people to get around the city and access different parts of the metropolitan area.

Roads and Highways: 

Melbourne has a well-maintained road network, with several major highways connecting the city to other parts of Australia. The city also has a well-developed network of freeways, which helps to ease traffic congestion during peak hours.


Melbourne is served by two major airports – Melbourne Airport and Avalon Airport. These airports provide easy access to both domestic and international destinations.


Melbourne is home to one of Australia’s busiest ports, the Port of Melbourne. The port handles a large volume of cargo and is an important gateway for trade with other countries.


Melbourne has a modern and advanced telecommunications infrastructure, with high-speed internet and mobile networks available throughout the city.

Overall, Melbourne’s well-developed infrastructure and transport system make it an attractive destination for people seeking a convenient and accessible city experience. The ease of getting around the city and accessing other parts of Australia and the world makes it a popular choice for both residents and visitors alike.


In conclusion, Melbourne’s population growth can be attributed to a combination of factors, including economic opportunities, education, culture and lifestyle, and infrastructure and transport. Melbourne’s diverse economy, world-renowned universities, vibrant arts and cultural scene, and well-developed infrastructure and transport system make it an attractive destination for people seeking a high-quality lifestyle and business opportunities.

As a result, Melbourne has become one of the most populous and cosmopolitan cities in Australia, and a leading destination for international students, skilled migrants, and tourists.

To know more, read also the population of melbourne 2020

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